If you are a parent of a child having Cerebral Palsy, with a disability; that considerably limit its motor function, then you have probably landed on a right page, offering an alternative treatment with the significant improvement in a quality of life.
Cerebral Palsy is a blanket term for a brain damage with a motor impairment; caused due to brain injury or abnormal development before, during or immediately after birth. A child with the palsy generally exhibits signs of physical as well as mental impairment. However, the kind and the extent of motor dysfunction, parts of the body as well as the number of limbs involved will be different in different individuals. In short, every case is unique of its kind; one may be totally paralytic and dependent; whereas the other may be slightly symptomatic with little assistance.
As per the recent report from CDC, Cerebral Palsy is the most common form of childhood neurological disorder; occurring in almost 2 to more than 4 per 1000 live births. The CDC data has as well reported that, it is more common in boys than in girls. About 78% of the children identified with CP had a spastic CP, whereas more than 50% of the children with CP were associated with other conditions such as epilepsy or autism spectrum disorder. The disease actually causes the wide range of difficulties in walking, lack of movement coordination, low intelligence, etc.
Spastic CP: - This is the most prevalent type of CP in occurrence causing incredible stiffness in the muscles, probably due to faulty messages being sent from the damaged parts of the brain. It has been reported to be among approximately 41% of the CP cases.
Dyskinetic CP: - This is the type of CP, categorized with abnormal involuntary movements either in the posture or in the limb and around the mouth.
Ataxic CP: - This is the least common type of CP with shaky movements and problem with maintaining the balance.
With the traditional medicinal approach, there is no cure for CP; however some rehabilitative approach can be followed to minimize the symptoms such as physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy. Additionally some steroidal oral medicines are as well available to relax stiff muscles, although long term use of the same can be fatal causing dangerous outcomes. However with the advancements in the science and technology, it is now possible to offer stem cells treatment to the children with CP as the best available, non invasive alternative that can reduce the symptoms as well slow down a progression of the disease. Various strategies have been applied by the medical science to limit the brain cells damage and reduce the symptoms with the help of stem cells. Stem cells are the naive cells of our body, which are capable of differentiating into various other cells of our body. Their unique differentiation, unlimited multiplication property is making them very special in the application of regenerative medicines. With the help of technical advancements these stem cells can be isolated from our own body and utilized in a very unique way to provoke neuronal precursor cells of the brain and spinal cord in a rapid production of new neurons which can replace damaged one to restore the function back. These cells can thus differentiate into required cells, regenerate damaged cells and help in resuming the function of the damaged organs under suitable conditions.